Honduras and their dating practives
Honduras has been designated a "food priority country" by the United Nations.Per capita domestic food production has declined; Honduras has been a net importer of maize, rice, sorghum, and beans since 1976.Although our evidence relates primarily to Honduras, it appears that these same processes have also been characteristic of other Central American countries and that they have played a major role in causing the violent conflicts and environmental difficulties that characterize the region today (see Williams, 1986; Leonard, 1987).percent of the land is mountainous, a physical feature that contributes to the relative isolation of some areas of the country. In 1980, 60 percent of the population was directly involved in agriculture (World Bank, 197), and in 1987 agriculture accounted for 83 percent of the value of merchandise exports.The land and water contamination from pesticides, as well as high levels of pesticide residues in food supplies, have had substantial effects on human health (Williams, 1986; Leonard, 1987).Following the boom and bust cycles of the international cotton market, the amount of land in cotton in southern Honduras fluctuated considerably between the late 1940s and the late 1980s.In fact, immigrants and poor Honduran farmers joined forces to challenge a large hacienda owner who attempted to incorporate national lands into his estate.
The accumulated evidence concerning southern Honduras is remarkably consistent in showing that environmental destruction is attributable more to the inequality of resource distribution and patterns of economic development in the region rather than to population increase.
Durham found that the landless and land-poor agriculturalists unable to rent land in El Salvador made up most of the migrant stream to Honduras.
Mostly renters and sharecroppers, the Salvadorans' access to land depended on the decisions of large landholders rather than on competition with Honduran smallholders.
Additionally, Honduras exhibits one of the highest rates of rural destitution in Latin America (57–75 percent, depending on the measures used, in the 1970s).
Unequal distribution of resources between rural and urban populations and within the rural sector means that more than 70 percent of rural families lived on less than per month in 1980 (CSPE/OEA, 1982).
In 1975, the prevalence of second-and third-degree malnutrition was 38 percent (Teller et al., 1979), and over 70 percent of children under 5 Years of age suffered from some form of protein-calorie malnutrition during the 1970s (SAPLAN, 1981).