Statistics updating resource allocation
Established in 1948, the National Health Service (NHS) of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland claims to be the world’s largest publicly-funded health service.It delivers more than 87% of the country’s health care and spends about 8.4% of the country’s gross domestic product.First, the health services were disaggregated into a small number of disease categories, corresponding to specialities based loosely on WHO International Classification of Disease chapter headings. Summary of the RAWP recommendations Per capita need was calculated by first disaggregating the population by age and sex.
The SMR is defined as the number of deaths in the area, given its demographic profile.
While formulae are applied to all the categories of expenditure, this paper focuses mainly on the acute sector, which accounts for 66% of all PCT expenditure.
The starting point for any discussion of formula funding in the United Kingdom’s health system is the recommendation in 1976 of the Resource Allocation Working Party (RAWP) for allocating NHS funds to English regions.
The budgetary targets implied by the RAWP recommendations were phased in gradually over a period of 15 years.
They took formula funding to a new level of intellectual coherence and sophistication, and have been highly influential internationally.